HAND, WRIST & ELBOW INJURY CARE
Hand pain, injury, and complications can be one of the most debilitating injuries that can impact every part of your life. We here at Carolina Regional Orthopaedics & Pain Management take hand pain, wrist pain, and elbow pain very seriously. The human hand and wrist are wonderfully elaborate and complex. Because of this complexity, many types of injuries can occur most of which can be managed without surgery.
Some of the most common problems that we manage are listed below:
While this list is only a few of the hand, wrist, and elbow injuries that may need surgery, all of these should be seen by a medical professional.
The goal of surgery is to restore function, decrease the chance of re-injury, and minimize & manage pain.
COMMON QUESTIONS RELATED TO THE ORTHOPAEDIC TREATMENT OF THE HAND, WRIST, AND ELBOW
WHAT IS A HAND, WRIST, AND ELBOW DOCTOR CALLED?
Orthopedic doctors specialize in treating pain and injuries related to the hand, wrist, or elbow singularly, or our CRO doctors can treat two or more issues at once. When people have hand pain they often also have wrist pain. Or a person with hand pain might find their wrists and elbows are not so much of an issue as prominent finger pain. Having pain in both the hand and shoulder also plagues many people who seek out orthopedic treatment. Elbow injuries have more of a tendency to be stand alone issues due to sports or occupational overuse - like when we see issues with tennis elbow (inflammation of the outer elbow) or golfer’s elbow (inflammation of the inner elbow).
WHAT IS TENDONITIS?
Tendinitis occurs when a tendon becomes inflamed, which is the tough cord of tissue connecting muscle and bone. The elbows, hands, shoulder, and fingers are all susceptible to tendonitis given that it can be related to overuse of that particular area of the body. However, tendonitis can also result from an injury. Symptoms of tendonitis include pain, swelling, and redness, plus you may find it difficult to bend the affected area and also the area may be numb. If you are unable to get any relief from at home remedies and rest, we have more advanced treatments that may be able to bring you relief. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the affected tissue and repair the rupture.
WHAT IS BURSITIS?
Bursitis results from the inflammation of the bursae that are found between the bones and surrounding tendons, muscles, and other soft bodily tissue. Common symptoms include swelling and pain around the joints of the hands, fingers, wrists, or elbows. These symptoms usually worsen when you exert pressure on the affected joint. It may be difficult to tell if you are impacted by bursitis or tendonitis. Your CRO doctor will make a proper diagnosis based on your medical history and physical examination. Consult with a CRO specialist if you experience persistent pain, or if you notice limited motion of the affected joint.
WHEN SHOULD I SEE A DOCTOR FOR PAIN TREATMENT?
The first step to getting relief for your hand, wrist, or elbow pain is to assess the pain. Pain is the body's way of warning you that something is wrong. There are various types of hand, wrist, and elbow pain. Pain can be caused by a fall or other trauma. In most cases, an injury causes swelling, pain, and loss of sensation. It is important to seek medical treatment as early as possible because delaying treatment may cause permanent damage.
However, pain may also be due to a chronic condition due to overuse or an underlying medical condition, like diabetes or rheumatoid arthritis. When is wrist pain serious? If it persists even after you have rested it for a few days, you should see a physician as soon as possible. It is also important to seek medical attention if you experience chronic pain that persists despite intermittent resolution.
Coping with pain in your hands, wrists, or elbows? Give our team a call today.
Arthritis is joint pain that can occur at any age. Symptoms may include swelling, pain, and stiffness of the joints. They can be anywhere from mild to severe, while the symptoms may stay the same for a couple of years. Arthritis pain may also progress rapidly. There are many different body areas where arthritis can occur. Once your arthritis is clearly diagnosed, the Carolina Regional Orthopaedics’ physician who is specifically trained in that area will treat you. This condition can make simple everyday activities difficult to accomplish. The fundamental goal of arthritis care is to help with pain management, improve joint function, and restore full range of motion. Arthritis care encourages lifestyle changes including exercise, physical therapy, and dietary changes to accomplish its goals.
BIRTH DEFECT CORRECTION
Birth defects are also known as congenital abnormalities or congenital disorders or congenital malformations. Birth defects can be minor or severe and they may affect the appearance, function, physical and mental development. Deformities such as clubbed fingers, limb deformity, polydactyly, syndactyly, etc., can be very disabling for the child if untreated. Fortunately, with the advancements in healthcare technology most of them are treatable.
The treatment options vary from home care, medications, or surgery depending on the condition and level of severity. At Carolina Regional Orthopedics, we have specialists who can help your child. Getting to know the disease can be very helpful in treating it and our specialists, with decades of experience, find out the problem quickly and discuss it with the parents so that they have a clear idea of what is going on and how we will be treating it.
The problems that occur in a child are totally different from adults and our physicians, who are experts in this area give your child the best care in community.
Bone cancer is when unusual cells grow out of control in your bone. It destroys normal bone tissue. It may start in your bone or spread there from other parts of your body (called metastasis). Bone cancer is rare. Most bone tumors are benign, which means they aren’t cancer and don’t spread to other areas of your body. But they may still weaken your bones and lead to broken bones or other problems.
There are a few common types of benign bone tumors:
Osteochondroma is the most common. It often happens in people under age 20.
Giant cell tumor is usually in your leg. In rare cases, these can also be cancerous.
Osteoid osteoma often happens in long bones, usually in your early 20s.
Osteoblastoma is a rare tumor that grows in your spine and long bones, mostly in young adults.
Enchondroma usually appears in the bones of your hands and feet. It often has no symptoms. It’s the most common type of hand tumor.
CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) occurs when the median nerve, which runs from the forearm into the palm of the hand, becomes pressed or squeezed at the wrist. A narrow, rigid passageway of ligament and bones at the base of the hand—houses the median nerve and the tendons that bend the fingers. The median nerve provides feeling to the palm side of the thumb and to the index, middle, and part of the ring fingers (although not the little finger). It also controls some small muscles at the base of the thumb.
Sometimes, thickening from the lining of irritated tendons or other swelling narrows the tunnel and compresses the median nerve. The result may be numbness, weakness, or sometimes pain in the hand and wrist (some people may feel pain in the forearm and arm). CTS is the most common and widely known of entrapment neuropathies, in which one of the body’s peripheral nerves is pressed on or squeezed.
At the workplace, workers can do on-the-job conditioning, perform stretching exercises, take frequent rest breaks, and use correct posture and wrist position. Wearing fingerless gloves can help keep hands warm and flexible. Workstations, tools, tool handles, and tasks can be redesigned to enable the worker’s wrist to maintain a natural position during work. Jobs can be rotated among workers. Employers can develop programs in ergonomics, the process of adapting workplace conditions and job demands to the capabilities of workers. However, research has not conclusively shown that these workplace changes prevent the occurrence of carpal tunnel syndrome.
A fracture is when a bone becomes either partially or completely broken, whether it is crosswise, length-wise, or in multiple places. The bone can break because of a fall, an accident, overuse, etc. Treatment depends on the severity of the break.
At Carolina Regional Orthopaedics, our physicians will discuss with you how the hand, wrist, or elbow injury occurred and your medical history. Our physicians will then perform an examination to assess the extent of your injury, including an x-ray to help provide a better understanding of the injury. Once the physician has reviewed all the factors stated above, he will choose the treatment best suited for your needs. These treatments may include cast immobilization, functional cast or brace, traction, or surgery. Cast immobilization is a plaster or fiberglass cast to keep the broken ends in the correct position while they heal. This is a very common treatment for bone fractures. A functional cast or brace is a brace that allows for limited controlled movement. Traction is when the bones are aligned by a gentle pulling action to help stabilize and realign a bone fracture. If surgery is recommended by the physician, details will be discussed in-depth with each patient before the surgery is performed. Continued pain management services may be necessary depending on the ensuing pain.
MICROVASCULAR/ REPLANTATION SURGERY
Microvascular surgery is a broad term that refers to surgery for patients who have suffered from a detached body part. During the surgery, the severed body part is reattached and with extensive therapy, it may be possible to regain the functionality of the body part. In the case of an emergency, amputation makes certain to stabilize the patient, apply steady pressure, and elevate the body part. Then, collect all the severed tissue wrapping it in saline-soaked gauze and placing it in a plastic bag on top of the ice. The success of the surgery may depend on the amount of original tissue the surgeon is able to use. If pain ensues, pain management services may be necessary.
Osteoporosis is a condition in which the quality and density of the bone are reduced. It literally means “bones with holes.” As bones become more porous and fragile, the risk of fracture is greatly increased. Osteoporosis is a natural process that happens when we grow older, so getting them treated as early as possible is very important.
People may not know that they have osteoporosis until they experience a painful fracture, because the signs or symptoms of osteoporosis are very subtle and that is why sometimes they are called a silent disease. Even simple lifestyle changes and activity modifications can be very effective in osteoporosis care, and our physicians provide proficient care to ensure our patients achieve a healthy lifestyle.
Pediatric Orthopedic Services are especially important because a child's musculoskeletal problems are different from those of an adult. Because children are still growing, the body's response to hand injuries, infections, and deformities may be quite different than what would be seen in a full-grown person.
Sometimes, what is thought to be a problem in a child is just a variation of growth that will resolve with time. A good example of this is intoeing in a toddler. Some of the problems children have with their bones and joints that are due to growth do not even occur in adults. In addition, the evaluation and treatment of a child are usually quite different than for an adult, even for the same problem.
Children with complex pediatric problems are best managed by a medical-surgical team approach. Pediatric orthopedic surgeons diagnose, treat, and manage children's musculoskeletal problems, such as:
Limb and spine deformities noted at birth or later in life (clubfoot, scoliosis, limb length differences)
Gait abnormalities (limping)
Bone or joint infections and tumors
SPRAINS & STRAINS
A sprain and a strain are very common injuries that can be confused as the same thing. However, a sprain occurs in a ligament, whereas a strain occurs in a muscle or tendon. A sprain is when the tissue that connects two bones together is stretched or torn. A strain occurs when the tissue that connects the muscle to bone is stretched or torn. Symptoms for both can include limited movement of the joint that is affected, pain, and swelling. A symptom specifically for a sprain includes a “pop” in the joint at the time of the injury, while a specific symptom for a strain may include muscle spasms. If the injury becomes more serious you may not be able to walk more than four steps without considerable pain or move the affected joint. You may also have pain that is directly over the injured area or has numbness in any area of the injured area. In these cases, it is best to seek a professional orthopedic opinion. For mild sprains or strains, successful at-home treatment can include rest, ice, compression, and elevation. These are all procedures for mild sports sprains or strains in our sports medicine program.
TENDON & LIGAMENT INJURIES
Tendons and ligaments are both connective tissue; however, tendons connect muscle to bone, while ligaments connect bone to bone. They are both injured when the soft tissue that connects the muscles and joints tears or ruptures. This may happen due to a sudden impact on the joint, quickly stopping or starting, or an abrupt movement to the joint. A tendon or ligament injury can happen to any joint in the body, but the knees are the most common area. Symptoms for an injured tendon or ligament include pain, swelling, a popping or clicking sensation, or an inability to straighten the knee. If you injure a tendon or ligament you should seek immediate medical attention. The physician will collect your medical history, perform a physical exam, and ask questions regarding the injury. From there, the physician will diagnose the injury and provide you with the treatment needed. These treatments may include wearing a brace, physical therapy, rest, ice, compression, elevation, and surgery. We also treat tendon & ligament injuries in our sports medicine program.
We offer trauma care to our patients as an opportunity to engage more fully in their health care, develop a trusting relationship with our providers, and improve long-term health outcomes. Trauma care can also recognize the presence of trauma symptoms and acknowledges the role trauma may play in an individual's life. Traumas like gunshot, stab wound, major burn, car crash injury, workplace injury, sports injury, fracture, crush injury, etc., need immediate medical attention and can lead to severe complications such as infection, permanent deformity/disability if left untreated. Generally, the trauma will be treated in the emergency room, but getting the necessary medical attention afterward is very important because they make sure to find out and treat the ancillary problems or internal damages, (such as a ligament tear or hairline fracture) which cannot be identified without medical assistance. Getting these diagnosed and treated in an early stage can significantly reduce the risk of having issues down the road that may affect the activities of daily living or employment of an individual.
At Carolina Regional Orthopedics, our excellent staff treats a wide range of trauma cases from work injury, sports injury, motor vehicle accidents, to dog bites, gunshots, etc.
UPPER EXTREMITY JOINT REPLACEMENT
Joint replacement of the hand and wrist are very similar to a knee or hip replacement. The damaged joints are replaced by a prosthetic joint that can be made of Silicone, Polyethylene, Titanium, or Pyrocarbon. It is less common for the joints to be replaced in the hands or wrist, because the bone structure of the hand is small and complex, making the surgery more challenging. Since the joint replacement is a major surgery, some things to consider before deciding on the surgery are the recovery time, age, pain, and disability. Surgery may be a good idea if you cannot complete regular daily tasks without assistance, have significant pain every day, pain does not go away when you rest, non-surgical approaches do not provide pain management, or pain keeps you awake at night.
Each state has its own requirements for Workers’ Compensation that is regulated by the state's Industrial Commission. There is a simple five-step process specifically for North Carolina. The first step begins with seeking out appropriate medical treatment. If your employer has a health care provider on-site and is compatible with their instructions, then the on-site health provider is the appropriate medical treatment to seek. If your employer does not have an on-site health provider, then you may be instructed to visit a designated health care office. It must be established that the injury was related to your work and your employer’s name must be provided. This will allow your health care provider to bill the treatment as a workers’ compensation claim. The main goal of the Workers’ Compensation in North Carolina is to ensure you have the medical care needed to restore your health and ability to work as you had before the accident.